|Samples||Nasopharyngeal swab, Sputum, Endotracheal secretion, BAL|
|Report turn around time||same day|
BIOFIRE FILMARRAY SYSTEM is a FDA-approved multiplex PCR system having 4 different panels: CSF Panel, Blood Culture Panel, Respiratory Panel and G.I. Panel. Respiratory Panel is for detection of Upper respiratory tract infections and to some extent for lower respiratory tract infections also. It includes 17 viruses (Adenovirus, Coronavirus HKU1, NL63, 229E, OC43, Human metapneumovirus, Human rhinovirus/Enterovirus, Influenza A, Influenza A/H1, Influenza A/H1-2009 or H1N1 Virus, Inflenza A/H3, Influenza B, Parainfluenza 1,2,3,4, Respiratory Syncytial Virus) and 3 bacteria (Bordetella pertussis, Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Nasopharyngeal swab / Bronchoalveolar lavage / Endotracheal secretion is to be collected in Viral transport medium or in a sterile, leak-proof, screw-capped universal container and to be sent to the laboratory at the earliest. This panel is mainly for the diagnosis of viral respiratory infections those cannot be easily diagnosed by routine testing parameters. It is also very essential to diagnose as most of those viral infections like swine flu are highly contagious and a great threat to spread amongst the family members and co-habitants. The patients suffering from viral respiratory infections need to be immediately hospitalised and require isolation. BIOFIRE gives the diagnosis of the organism only in 2 hours. Moreover, it also identifies the causative organism of atypical bacterial pneumonia i.e. Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydophila pneumoniae. The treatment protocol for atypical pneumonia is different from usual bacterial pneumonia and it provides the uniqueness to this panel. It is a gold standard technique for the detection of the pathogen with the sensitivity of 96% and specificity of 99%.