World Aids Day is celebrated every year on 1st December to generate awareness about AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency disorders). AIDS is caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). This virus kills or damages the body’s immune system.
Some Frequently Asked Questions
How does AIDS spread?
Aids mainly spread through any infected Body Fluids like infected blood, semen, vaginal fluid, breast milk, and amniotic fluid surrounding the foetus.
What is the treatment for HIV/AIDS?
Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) is the best possible treatment of HIV/AIDS which controls the progression of the disease and keeps the virus under control.
How safe is it to work with HIV infected people?
Yes it is safe to work with infected person. HIV/AIDS does not spread through physical contact such as touching or shaking hands with an infected person. It is only spread by the sexual contact or through body fluids.
If the person is HIV positive, then does it mean that the person has AIDS?
No, it is not certain that everyone with HIV infection will get AIDS. The disease may develop gradually if the treatment is delayed or it is not treated properly.
Who is at higher risk of having this disease?
Sex workers and their partners, intravenous drug users, Truck drivers, Labour migrants, Refugees, Prisoner.
Does a mother transmit HIV to her unborn child?
An HIV-infected mother can transmit the HIV to her child in her womb through her blood. In this situation baby is more at risk. Transmission of the virus can also occur at the time of birth when the baby is exposed to the mother’s blood and to some extent transmission can occur through breast milk.
What precautions should be taken while treating HIV and TB at the same time?
If the patient has both the diseases at the same time, the patient should be treated under the supervision of an experienced physician. Certain anti-TB medications may affect the levels of anti-HIV medications and vice versa.
What are the chances of getting HIV infection if I want to get a tattoo or my ears pierced?
There is a high risk of getting HIV infection if you are getting tattoo or getting your ears pierced. You should be very careful when you are going for a tattoo, ear piercing, acupuncture and dental treatment by making sure the service provider is using sterilized equipment & following safe operational procedures.