Lipid Profile – The lipid profile is a group of tests that are often ordered together to determine risk of coronary heart disease. Lipid profile are tests that have been shown to be good indicators of whether someone is likely to have a heart attack or stroke caused by blockage of blood vessels (hardening of the arteries).
Apo -The apolipoprotein A-1 (apo A-1) blood test is used to evaluate risk factors for individuals with past heart attacks and peripheral vascular diseases.
Urine microalbumin/ creat ratio – The urine albumin test or albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) is used to screen people with chronic conditions, such as diabetes and hypertension that put them at an increased risk of developing kidney disease, cardiac events, strokes and increase mortality. This test should be done every 6 months to a year especially those with hypertension, hyperlipidemia or renal (Kidney) disorders.
Homocysteine – Homocysteine testing may be ordered as part of assessing a person’s risk of cardiovascular disease depending on the individual’s age and other risk factors. A high level of homocysteine in the blood makes a person more prone to endothelial cell injury, which leads to inflammation in the blood vessels, which in turn may lead to atherogenesis, which can result in ischemic injury.
Glyco Hb (HbA1c) – Glycohemoglobin is a form of hemoglobin that is measured primarily to identify the average plasma glucose concentration over prolonged periods of 3 months. People who have diabetes or other conditions that increase their blood glucose levels have more glycohemoglobin. It helps to know the nocturnal blood sugar increase. Advantages: – No fasting required. It is the diagnostic criteria of American Diabetes association.
Sugar – It is a blood test that measures the amount of a sugar called glucose in a sample of your blood. A level of 126 mg/dL for fasting samples on two separate occasions is considered to be diabetic.
HsCRP- Hs-CRP testing is used to predict the risk of developing heart disease and its complications, such as heart attacks, strokes, peripheral arterial disease, and sudden cardiac death. . Higher Hs-CRP levels are linked to a higher risk of these problems. About 50% of all heart attacks and strokes affect people who seem healthy and have normal cholesterol levels. Hs-CRP testing offers a way to identify some of these people so that they can reduce their heart disease risk before they have a heart attack or stroke.
Lipo A- Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or “bad cholesterol” is typically associated with an increased risk for heart attack and stroke. Lipoproteins are substances made up of protein and fat. LDLs can be separated by type and include lipoprotein-a or Lp (a). Increased amounts of Lp (a) in the body are associated with inflammation in the walls of the arteries.
LpPLA2 (PLAC test): The PLAC®test clearly identifies active cardiovascular inflammatory disease. The PLAC test is the only blood test that measures Lp-PLA2 – a vascular specific inflammatory marker critical in the information of rupture prone plaque. If the amount of Lp-PLA2 is high, this may indicate that the plaque is more likely to rupture through the inside lining of the artery in to the blood stream, leading to a dangerous blood clot that could result in heart attack or stroke.