CARDIAC RISK PROFILE
The demands of a fast paced life, filled with stress, coupled with an unhealthy lifestyle takes a toll on the heart. As one grows older, the heart which works 24×7, gets weaker. This age related change along with diseases like diabetes , obesity and vices like smoking and alcohol consumption leads to disastrous consequences over a period of time. The only way to avert such events, is to adopt a healthy lifestyle and perform routine health checkups along with following the physicians advice on this matter.
The following profile is usually ordered by those who have a heart condition or those who have a higher risk of having a heart problem
HEALTH CHECK UP (CARDIAC)
TESTS PERFORMED : COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT, FASTING BLOOD SUGAR, CREATININE, LIPID PROFILE,LIPOPROTEIN a, HOMCYSTEINE,SERUM APOLIPOPROTEINS
COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT: gives information on total white cell count, Hemoglobin level, platelet count . This is a basic test done in almost any illness, as it gives valuable information regarding white blood cells (infection fighting cells), platelets ( which helps blood to clot after any injury) and hemoglobin ( which supplies oxygen to all parts of the body and takes away carbon dioxide from them).
Lower levels of Hemoglobin puts a greater strain on the heart to beat faster so that it compensates for the lower levels of oxygen in the blood.
FASTING BLOOD SUGAR : gives information the sugar levels in the blood. These levels are usually elevated in diabetes (> or equal to 126 mg% on more than one occasion along with symptoms of diabetes i.e. excessive hunger, excessive thirst and excessive urination).The presence of Diabetes is known to increase the damage to the blood vessels which supply blood to different parts of the body, including the heart itself. Uncontrolled diabetes in the long run, along with other factors causes narrowing of these blood carrying structures, thereby reduce blood supply to the heart, ultimately leading to a heart attack.
CREATININE: This test is a marker of kidney function and is particularly useful in monitoring the extent of damage the kidney has suffered. Diabetes is commonly known to affect the kidneys and after several years of uncontrolled diabetes cause kidney failure.
LIPID PROFILE: The balance of lipid in the right proportion is essential for good health. Condition like obesity , diabetes, alcohol , smoking etc.alter this balance which ultimately causes damage to the blood vessels and heart disease. Those with increased levels of bad cholesterol (LDL cholesterol) and low levels of good cholesterol ( HDL cholesterol ) are at an increased risk of suffering from adverse cardiovascular & cerebrovascular events ( heart attack, stroke) compared to the healthy population.
LIPOPROTEIN A: increased levels of lipoprotein (a) i.e lp(a) is an independent risk factor for heart disease. High lipoprotein (a) predicts early risk of atherosclerosis ( damage to blood vessels causing narrowing and clotting). Both LDL an Lp(a) levels can be managed by medicines to a certain extent.
HOMOCYSTEINE : High Levels of Homocysteine are associated with greater risk of damage to blood vessels resulting in heart disease . Homocysteine levels are elevated in vitamin B-12 deficiency, vitamin B-6 deficiency and in folic acid deficiency.Homocysteine levels can also increase in association with increasing age, hypothyroidism, impaired kidney function, systemic lupus erythematosus, and certain medications. The effect of reduction in homocystiene levels has to yet be correlated with better cardiac outcome.
APOLIPOPROTEINS:Elevated levels of apolipoprotein (apo) B, a constituent of atherogenic lipoproteins, and reduced levels of apo A-I, a component of anti-atherogenic HDL, are associated with increased cardiac events
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CURRENTLY THE COST OF THIS TEST IS 850/-