All you need to know about Diabetes

Statistics of Diabetes in India 2015:

India has 65 million diabetic people. Around 77 million are pre diabetic patient. 90 % of patients are unaware of high sugar levels. 9 out of 10 people with diabetes believe that their blood sugar is under control even though it’s not.*

*Association of Physicians of Indian (API) survey 2015

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is characterized by high levels of sugar in blood.

There are total 5 different kinds of Diabetes:-

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 1.5 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Gestational Diabetes
  • Pre Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes: – This is a rare kind of disease. This disease usually affects children & young adults. In this type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. The body requires the insulin hormone to get glucose from the blood stream in to the cells of the body. Therefore there is an increased level of sugar in the body. This condition can be managed by insulin therapy.

Type 1.5 Diabetes (LADA): People with Type 1.5 diabetes are said to have “double” diabetes because they show both the autoimmune destruction of beta cells of Type 1 diabetes and the insulin resistance characteristic of Type 2 diabetes. People with Type 1.5 have autoantibodies and gradually lose their insulin-producing capability, requiring insulin within 5–10 years of diagnosis.

Type 2 Diabetes: –This is the most common form of Diabetes. In this type, the body does not use insulin properly. This causes the blood glucose levels to rise higher than normal.

Gestational Diabetes: – It is a type of diabetes which women suffer during their pregnancy. This usually develops during the 24th week of pregnancy. Gestational diabetes does not mean that you had diabetes before you conceived or you will continue to have diabetes after giving birth. But if the women had gestational diabetes then she is at  higher risk of developing Diabetes in the future. Therefore she needs to follow a healthy lifestyle and needs to consult her physician for regular diabetic check ups.

Prediabetes: – Prediabetes is a condition that can lead to type 2 diabetes and heart disease. When you have pre-diabetes, your blood glucose (sugar) levels are higher than normal but are not high enough to be called diabetes. Diabetes can lead to many health problems, so it’s better to prevent it in the first place. You can take steps to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

What is the cause of Diabetes?

  • Family History of diabetes
  • Poor diet & inadequate exercise
  • High Blood Pressure
  • High Cholesterol

What are the warning signs of Diabetes?

  1. Excessive thirst and increased urination
  2. 1fatigue
  3. 2Weight Loss
  4. 3Blurred Vision,
  5. Slow healing wounds
  6. Tingling Feet & Hands

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So if you notice any of these symptoms, please get yourself tested for Diabetes.

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